India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometers (4,700 mi). It is bordered by Pakistan to the west; People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and Indonesia in the Indian Ocean.
Home to the Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four major religions, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism originated here, while Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium and shaped the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed by the British East India Company from the early eighteenth century and colonised by the United Kingdom from the mid-nineteenth century, India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was marked by widespread non-violent resistance.
Jaipur also popularly known as the Pink City, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. Founded on 18 November 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber, the city today has a population of more than 2 million residents. It is also known as Paris of India.
Jaipur is the first well planned city of India, located in the desert lands of India, Rajasthan. The city which once had been the capital of the royalty now is the capital city of Rajasthan. The very structure of Jaipur resembles the taste of the Rajputs and the Royal families. In the present date, Jaipur is the major business centre for the natives of Rajasthan with all requisites of a metropolitan city.
The city is remarkable among pre-modern Indian cities. The Palace quarter encloses a sprawling palace complex (the Hawa Mahal, or palace of winds), formal gardens, and a small lake. Nahargarh Fort, where King SAWAI JAISINGH II used to stay, crowns the hill in the northwest corner of the old city.
Jaipur is bursting with forts, museums and palaces – and most are well worth seeing. Hawa Mahal - The Palace of Winds with its towering pink sandstone facade is worth admirable.
Jaipur loves polo, and the city has proudly produced most of India’s best players. When you consider its aristocratic traditions, it’s no surprise that the game thrives in Jaipur’s royal culture. It’s not unusual for over 20,000 people to watch a polo final. Rambagh Polo Ground in centre of the city plays host to the big games. Look out around the MI Road and City Palace!
If you’re going to visit a hilltop fort, why not choose the best one in India. Glorious Amber Fort sits over serene Lake Maotha, just five miles outside Jaipur.
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