4ME2: AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

Unit 1
Frame and Body: Layout of chassis, types of chassis frames and bodies, their constructional features and materials. Transmission System: Clutch, single plate, multi plate, cone clutch, semi centrifugal, electromagnetic, vacuum and hydraulic clutches, Fluid coupling.
Unit 2
Gear Boxes: Sliding mesh, constant mesh, synchromesh and epicyclic gear boxes, automatic transmission system, Hydraulic torque converter, overdrive, propeller shaft, universal joints, front wheel drive, differential, Rear axle drives, hotchkiss and torque tube drives; rear axle types, Two wheel and four wheel drive.
Unit 3
Running Gear: Types or wheels and tyres, Tyre construction, tyre inflation pressure, tyre wear and their causes, re-treading of the tyre, steering system, steering gear boxes, steering linkages, steering mechanism, under and over steering, steering geometry, effect of camber, caster, king pin inclination, toe in and toe out, power steering, integral and linkage types suspension system, objects and requirements, suspension spring, front and rear suspension systems, Independent suspension system shock absorber. Brakes: Classification and function, mechanical, hydraulic, vacuum air and self engineering brakes, brake shoes and lining materials.
Unit 4
Automotive Electrical System: Battery construction, charging and testing, battery types, starting and battery charging system, starter motor construction, types of drive, alternator construction, regulation and rectification. Ignition System: Magneto and coil ignition systems, system components and requirements. Automotive Lighting: Wiring systems, electrical instruments, head lamp, electric horn, fuel level indicator.
Unit 5
Automotive Air Conditioning: Introduction, loads, air conditioning system components, refrigerants, fault diagnosis. Automotive Safety: Safety requirements, Safety Devices, Air bags, belts, radio ranging, NVS (Night Vision System) GPS (Global Positioning System) etc.

Suggested Readings:
1. Automobile Engineering, Sharma R.P., Dhanpat Rai & Sons.
2. Automobile Engineering, Gupta R.B., Satya Prakashan.
3. Vehicle and Engine Technology, Heniz Heisler, Elsvier Publication.
4. Automobile Engineering (Vol. 1 & 2), Kohli P.L., Tata McGraw Hill.
5. Automatic Transmission, Brejcha M.F., Prentice Hall India.